Engineers at Iowa State University say that concrete columns are the key to building taller, higher-powered wind turbines. By making the switch from steel to concrete, it's thought that the upper limit of turbine column height could be raised from 80 m to over 100 m .
"We have definitely reached the limits of steel towers," says Sri Sritharan, Wilson Engineering Professor at Iowa State in a University press release. "Increasing the steel tower by 20 meters will require significant cost increases and thus the wind energy industry is starting to say, 'Why don't we go to concrete?'"
To answer that question the engineers used the hydraulic testing equipment at the University's Structural Engineering Research Laboratory to see if hexagonal sections of concrete column could withstand 68,000 kg of lateral load, which is 20 % more than the peak load in turbine columns of this height. The team tested three different methods of construction, all of which passed the threshold.
The use of concrete will extend the life of wind turbines, as well as make transportation easier due to the use of smaller parts. Taller columns would allow the user of longer turbine blades, and the harvesting of energy from less turbulent winds; this could increase energy production by 15 percent.
Source: gizmag.comAdded: 31 May 2013